ASEAN Leaders Urged to Priorities and Make Concrete Action on Fast, Democratic, Empowering and Equitable Energy Transition in the Region

Selasa, September 5, 2023


Jakarta, 4 September 2023 – Around 70 climate and energy thought leaders, policymakers, and experts from Indonesia, Philippines, Timor Leste, Malaysia, Cambodia, and Laos gathered in Jakarta on 29-31 August 2023 for critical dialogues and collaborative endeavours aimed at driving a sustainable and equitable energy transition across Southeast Asia.

With Indonesia taking on the role of hosting the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit, the year 2023 could be a turning point in terms of the energy transition efforts within the ASEAN region.

The ASEAN has already committed to addressing climate change through the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and increase of renewable energy use. However, the pursuit of a just energy transition in the region continues to be riddled with challenges. According to the ASEAN Centre for Energy, at least 47 million of the ASEAN population still have no access to electricity.

"Commitments so far have focused more on the technocratic aspects of reducing the use of fossil fuel energy and accelerating the development of renewable energy. The question arises: where is the equity? Where is justice in the energy transition declaration from the ASEAN ministries?" said Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Indonesia National Coordinator Aryanto Nugroho.

In the Regional Convening of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) on Just Energy Transition, Civil Society Organizations across Southeast Asia called on ASEAN leaders to establish structured platforms for meaningful engagement on sustainable and equitable energy with multi-stakeholders.

The groups also highlighted the importance of establishing robust mechanisms for transparency, accountability, and governance that encompass both public and private sectors.

The Oxfam in Asia Regional Director John Samuel explains, “When we talk about decarbonizing energy transition, it involves technology, and it involves money. On top of securing access to these resources is the need to ensure that these fairly reach the poorest and marginalized sectors of the society.”

They also urged leaders to promote the development and adoption of appropriate and sustainable technologies and integrate  gender-responsive and socially inclusive policies into every facet of energy transition planning and implementation. 

The groups also pushed for implementing robust capacity-building programs and assurance where "justice is at the heart of the transition."

Southeast Asia is at the forefront of climate risk (Global Climate Risk Index, 2021). With increasing average temperature by 2.3 degrees Celsius, the McKinsley Global Institute estimates that 600 million people in Asia could be affected by heat waves in a year. Extreme rainfall in Asian regions could increase by three or four times.

The 2022 Oxfam report states that these frequent and intense climate disasters disproportionally affect marginalized communities and social groups.

However, an energy transition alone does not ensure that vulnerable groups benefit from the transition.

ASEAN possesses a significant abundance of renewable energy sources, including solar, wind, and hydro, although their distribution across the region is not uniform. As per the Sustainable Development Scenario outlined by the International Energy Agency (IEA), Southeast Asia necessitates an annual investment of approximately $180 billion in clean energy by 2030 to ensure alignment with the region's climate objectives. The availability of affordable financing for a just energy transition, however, remains a distant reality in the ASEAN context.

“With the broader aim of a fossil-free future that ensures no one is left behind, the convening compelled us to reevaluate our direction. There are so many opportunities for action, but how can we recalibrate our efforts to align with this overarching goal, maximize our impact in the spheres of influence, and minimize inefficiencies along the way?” Climate Action Network Southeast Asia (CANSEA) Policy and Administrative Officer Pree Bharadwaj said.

Numerous ASEAN nations house indigenous groups and vulnerable communities whose well-being and traditional ways of life face jeopardy from coal mining and electricity generation. In this context, a just energy transition mandates the shielding of these communities and their traditional lands.

The SEA regional convening on just energy transition aims to address these complex issues head-on by fostering robust multistakeholder collaboration and bringing country-level JET narratives into a cohesive regional perspective.

To read more on the Joint statement produced by the CSOs representatives, click here: CSO REGIONAL JET CONVENING JOINT STATEMENT.

Catatan untuk editor: 

CSO participants were able to build consensus around six (6) key imperatives on JET:

  1. Establishing structured platforms for meaningful multistakeholder engagement

  2. Establishing robust mechanisms for transparency, accountability, and governance that encompass both public and private sectors
  3. Promoting the development and adoption of appropriate and sustainable technologies
  4. Integrating gender-responsive and socially inclusive policies into every facet of energy transition planning and implementation
  5. Implementing robust capacity-building programs to navigate the complexities of energy transition
  6. Ensuring justice at the heart of transition.

The statement is a result of the consolidated efforts of the following Civil Society Organizations:

  1. Oxfam Pilipinas
  2. Oxfam in Indonesia
  3. Oxfam in Asia
  4. Publish What You Pay (PWYP) Indonesia
  5. Yayasan Cerah Indonesia
  6. WWF Indonesia
  7. HiVos Indonesia
  8. IESR Indonesia
  9. The Prakarsa Indonesia
  10. Senik Centre Asia
  11. Penabulu Indonesia
  12. AEER Indonesia
  13. Oxfam in Laos
  14. Oxfam International
  15. Oxfam in Cambodia
  16. Climate Action Network Southeast Asia (CANSEA)
  17. Energy Lab Cambodia
  18. Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center (LRC) Philippines
  19. Community Association for Salvation and Environment (CASE) Laos
  20. CIS Timor Indonesia
  21. Aksyon Klima Pilipinas
  22. Yayasan Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Sosial (YPPS) Indonesia
  23. Gema Alam NTB Indonesia
  24. Click/Lao Farmer Network
  25. HWDI Indonesia
  26. WIME Indonesia
  27. Bantay Kita/Publish What You Pay Philippines
  28. Klima Action Malaysia
  29. Father Saturnio Urios University Philippines
  30. Publish What You Pay Timor Leste


Informasi kontak: 

Maria Lauranti

Oxfam in Indonesia


Aryanto Nugroho

Publish What You Pay Indonesia


Denvie Balidoy

Oxfam Pilipinas